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Lowland Plain

Land Management

Natural Features, Watercourses and Wetlands

  • Conserve and restore natural and artificial field ponds. Remove silt and rank vegetation after taking specialist ecological advice or create new ponds nearby. Create permanent grassland buffers around ponds in arable fields. Limit stock access to part of the pond perimeter in pasture.


  • Establish uncultivated margins along hedgerows, woodland edges, ditches and watercourses. Avoid cultivation under the canopy of hedgerow trees.
  • Maintain and enhance semi-improved pastures and meadows by adopting appropriate stocking levels or cutting regimes and avoiding improvements such as drainage, ploughing and reseeding. Limit the use of fertilisers and herbicides.
  • Restore former meadows and restore diversity to improved pastures where possible by reseeding or the use of hay crops from local meadows as a seed source.

Trees, Woodlands and Forestry

  • Protect and maintain existing hedgerow trees. Avoid close cultivation in arable fields.
  • Plant new hedgerow trees (Ash, Oak) or tag saplings to replace the maturing stock.
  • Plant new medium sized broadleaved (oak) woodlands, respecting field patterns, and avoiding sites of nature conservation or archaeological interest.
  • Increase the proportion of locally native species when restocking plantations.

Field Boundaries

  • Protect archaeological features including rigg and furrow from damaging activities such as cultivation, overstocking, or poaching.
  • Conserve and maintain traditional farm buildings.
  • Conserve and restore parklands, respecting designed elements and veteran trees.

Cultural Features

  • Protect and maintain existing hedgerows.
  • Restore old field patterns by reinstating hedges where they have been replaced by fences or removed in enlarging arable fields.
  • Allow trimmed hedges to grow higher and broader. Consider trimming every second or third year rather than annually.


Agricultural Buildings

  • Site new farm buildings close to existing buildings where possible, and reflect their scale, character and materials.
  • Reduce the impact of larger modern buildings by careful selection of colour, breaking up mass and planting screening belts of native species. Avoid prominent sites such as low hills or knolls.

Housing and Economic Development

  • Maintain the separation of villages and the rural character of the countryside between them in planning for new development.
  • Screen new development on settlement edges with substantial structure planting of native oak woodland.
  • Protect and conserve the character of villages and towns by ensuring that new development respects their scale, structure and vernacular character.
  • Retain open green spaces within villages, and particularly village greens, old gardens and orchards, and tofts or garths.

Energy, Telecommunications and Infrastructure

  • Site communications masts on buildings in urban areas where possible - or close to existing buildings, tree groups or woodland edges in the open countryside.
  • Give careful consideration to the siting, layout and design of new wind energy developments having particular regard to cumulative impacts and the relationships of nearby developments in terms of turbine size and type.
  • Avoid locating large turbines close to existing rural features such as farmsteads that might emphasise their scale.
  • Avoid locating large turbines on or close to discrete landforms like low hills and knolls as this will diminish their perceived scale.
  • Avoid 'urban' detailing and street lighting on country roads.

Minerals and Waste

  • Avoid damage to sensitive natural landforms, mature landscape features and semi-natural habitats in selecting and operating mineral sites.
  • Avoid breaching local skylines with extraction areas or storage mounds.
  • Restore sites to semi-natural oak woodland, neutral grassland and wetland habitats using natural regeneration where appropriate.

Tourism and Recreation

  • Tourism and recreational development should be undertaken in such a way as to avoid any urbanising influence on the landscape.
  • Facilities like chalets and caravan parks should only be developed or extended where there is a high degree of year-round visual containment - either from the topography or robust woodland cover - so that they do not detract from the rural character and scenic quality of the area.
  • Golf course development should seek to conserve and reinforce landscape character by retaining mature landscape features and planting new native woodlands and parkland trees. Avoid prominent locations for built elements like buildings, driving ranges and ball-trap fencing. Develop species rich neutral grassland in roughs to increase biodiversity.
  • Equestrian facilities should be sited close to existing farm buildings where possible, and reflect their scale, character and materials. The impact of larger buildings should be reduced by careful selection of colour, breaking up mass, and planting screening belts of native woodland.

Further Information

 Broad Landscape Types Guidelines